Updated: Jan 11
We all want to make better sourdough bread, right? Well maybe not everyone, but if you're reading this blog the chances are you do. Now I'm no expert on sourdough and don't claim to know the secret to unlocking that epically open crumb (spoiler alert; there is no secret, just practice, experimentation and a lot of patience!), but ever since recording my 'Foolproof Sourdough' tutorial, I have been looking to come up with a simpler process, that would yield an even better result - and this is it!
This method is more in line with the common process used for making sourdough bread (hand mixed, 20% leaven, cold proof), but with extra emphasis on keeping you and your kitchen free from getting covered in sticky dough! For me, the key to this is using a long autolyse, time and gentle dough handling to develop the gluten and strength in the dough, without the need for vigorous mixing, kneading or slap & folding. Keeping your hands wet when handling the dough is also a neat trick to stop it sticking. Most recipes call for the leaven to be worked into the autolysed dough by mixing and pinching the two together, but wet hands or not, this inevitably results in the dough becoming very sticky and it’s not long before your hands are caked in dough…followed by your sleeves, then the worktop…then the whole kitchen! In this method there is little mixing involved, instead the first two sets of folds are used to fully incorporate the leaven and the salt, before switching to coil folds. I have now adopted the coil fold over the stretch and fold, as I believe it is better at adding strength to the dough and is less likely to degas it, as it is a gentler process.
The more conventional ratio of leaven to flour also makes the process more flexible, allowing you to take advantage of the slower fermentation and experiment with cold proofing to hone the flavours to your specific taste. The longer you hold the loaf in the fridge before baking, the sourer and tangier it will be. My preference is for a milder flavour, so I like to keep final proofing times shorter, but I have seen 'sour freaks' on Facebook retarding their loaves for 24 hours and longer. When it comes to cold proofing though, remember that the yeast will go dormant in the fridge, so you won’t see much, if any, growth to your dough. This is why people recommend ‘slinging the dough into the fridge’ if you are short of time and need to pause the process. Therefore, it’s very important that you have achieved sufficient fermentation during the bulk proof, before chilling the dough. You need gas and volume in the dough before it goes in the fridge. If a lifeless, flaccid, wet, flat loaf is put in the fridge, a lifeless, flaccid, wet, flat loaf will emerge from the fridge in the morning and a lifeless, flaccid, gummy, flat loaf will be baked!
This recipe also ups the hydration from the foolproof recipe, jumping from around 63% to 73% in an attempt to open up the crumb. High hydration alone will not magically bless you with that cavernous molten crumb sourdough enthusiasts are so often seeking, but it is a factor and will certainly help you achieve it as long as proper, full fermentation is achieved, and gentle dough handling and shaping is adopted. Yes, it can also increase the risk of a flat, gummy loaf, but this is more likely to be the result of an underactive starter. If your leaven isn’t lively, 'bubblin’ and doublin', then whatever hydration you choose to work at, you will always be plagued by a dense, gummy, heavy crumb.
So, with that being said, if you have never made sourdough before, or you are struggling to get satisfactory and consistent results, then I would urge you to check out my foolproof method. If, on the other hand, you have had some success with my foolproof method or you are just looking to improve your results whatever process you currently follow, then maybe give this one a go…or at least watch the tutorial to see if there are any tips or pearls of wisdom to be gleaned from it.
30g Sourdough Starter
40g Strong White Bread Flour
20g Rye Flour
350g Strong White Bread Flour
50g Wholemeal Flour
80g Leaven (Maintain the remaining amount as your starter for next time)
280g Water (73% Hydration)
Flour/Rice Flour for dusting
In a glass jar mix together your starter, flours and water. Use a silicone spatula to clean down the sides of the jar so you can see the level of the mixture inside and cover with a loose fitting lid.
Leave this at room temperature to double in size (4-6 hours).
If the leaven hasn’t at least doubled in size or preferably tripled, don’t continue with the recipe! Give the starter another feed that evening and try repeating the leaven build the next day. I have come to realise how important a really active starter is; a sluggish starter = a dense gummy loaf.
In a large bowl use a hard spatula or wooden spoon to mix your flours and the water together. You don’t need to be overly vigorous with the mixing, but you do need to be thorough. Work the mixture until all the flour is incorporated and there are no clumps of dry flour remaining. Let this mixture rest for 2 hours (autolyse).
Add 80g of leaven to the ‘dough’ and then using a wet hand to stop it sticking, spread it out on top.
Sprinkle the 9g of salt over the leaven and dough, and again using a wet hand, incorporate it into the dough by performing 10 to 20 stretch and folds. Working around the bowl, pull the dough from the edges into the middle. Use the heel of your palm to push the folded dough in the middle to seal it in place. As soon as you start to feel the dough sticking to your hand, that is the time to stop.
Cover the bowl with a tea towel and a plate to stop the dough drying out and leave at room temperature for 30 minutes.
Complete the mixing by performing a further 10 to 20 folds. Once again, wet your hand to stop the dough from sticking to you. As soon as you start to feel it sticking to your hand, stop working it.
I’d recommend transferring the dough to a flat-bottomed heavy dish. This will make performing the coil folds easier and also makes gauging the growth of the dough clearer. Either way, re-cover the dough and leave at room temperature for a further 30 minutes.
It’s now time for your first set of coil folds. I suggest referencing the video at the bottom of the page to see how to do this. Once you have completed a full set of coils, continue to bulk proof at room temperature for a further 30 minutes.
Now it’s time for your final set of coil folds. Once you have completed them, cover the bowl and leave the dough to bulk ferment undisturbed for the final 4 to 5 hours.
By the end of this bulk fermentation you should notice the dough has grown significantly (almost doubled), has a domed surface with a few bubbles appearing on it and is still holding a little of its shape from the last set of coil folds. If the dough hasn’t grown much or has spread out flat onto the bottom of the dish, perform an extra set of folds and then leave it for a further 1 to 2 hours.
You now need to shape your loaf. As we are only making one loaf, I don't find it necessary to do a pre-shape and bench rest, so jump straight to the final shaping. As always though, you want to be careful not to degas the dough too much, whilst still building up enough tension to ensure your final loaf has a good shape and springs well in the oven. Dust your work surface with a little flour, and gently ease the dough out of the bowl onto it. Holding the bottom of the dough (the side closest to you) gently pull it towards you and then fold it back over itself by two thirds, leaving one third uncovered at the top. Now hold the dough by its sides and gently stretch it outwards, fold one side up and over onto itself, followed by the other side so they overlap each other in the middle. Next take the bottom of the dough again and gently roll it all the way up to the top like a Swiss roll. You should end up with a cylindrical shape that is smooth and taut across the top. You can crimp the end to neaten them up if you like, but I find they smooth themselves out during the long final proof. Place your loaf seam side up in a banneton dusted with flour and then place the whole thing into a plastic bag. Try to catch some air in the bag so it’s not sitting on the dough or it may well stick.
Place the covered banneton into your fridge and leave for up to 12 hours. This long cold proof will allow the dough to generate more complex flavours, becoming sourer and tangier the longer you leave it. As long as your fridge is cold enough (below 4c) your loaf shouldn’t over proof, so you can experiment with how long you hold the dough in the fridge. I tend to find after 12 hours I start to lose some volume and spring in the final loaf, but it is up to you how far you dare to push it! Note: as the yeast will go dormant in these cold temperatures, you will not see any significant growth to your dough. If the dough isn’t looking plump and puffy after shaping it, leave it out at room temperature for 30 mins to an hour before placing it in the fridge.
Pre-heat your oven to 250c with a Dutch Oven or stock pot in it. When you are ready to bake, remove the pot from the oven and transfer your proofed loaf into it, being very careful not to burn yourself! I like to sit the dough on a piece of baking parchment to ensure it doesn’t stick. Slash the top of the loaf, put the lid on and return to the oven and bake for 22 minutes. After this time, remove the lid and turn the oven down to 200c, then continue to cook for a further 22 minutes.
Once cooked, transfer the loaf to a wire rack to cool before slicing.